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Evaporate: To convert or change into a vapor.
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Groundwater: Water beneath the earth's surface, often between saturated soil and rock, that supplies wells and springs.
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Impervious: Incapable of being affected
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Infiltration: the seepage of water into soil or rock.

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Transpiration: The process of giving off vapor containing water and waste products
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Belt of soil moisture: is the place where water that isn’t soaked in far
Zone of saturation: where sediments and rocks are filled with water.
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Water table: is known as the upper limit of the zone of saturation












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Voids: empty

poreSpace.jpg
Pore spaces: space hole
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Vesicles: small cavity formed in volcanic rock by entrapment of a gas bubble during solidification.
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Porosity: the ratio, of the volume of the pores to the total volume of the mass.
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Cavities: any hollow place
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Sorting: sedimentary particles become separated according to some particular characteristic
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Permeability: ability to transmit fluid
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Transmit: to pass
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Specific yield: indicates the amount of water released due to drainage
Specific retention: the ratio of the volume of water and rock
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Aquitard: impermeable bed that parents ground water movement
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Aguifers: sediment that transmit groundwater freely
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Springs: develop
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Annual runoff: liquid that exceeds the limit yearly
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Discharge: to release
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Perched water table: elevated place on the water table
hot_springs.jpg
Hot springs
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Thermal: rising current of warm air
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Geysers: A natural hot spring that regularly ejects a spray of steam and boiling water into the air
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Well: hole bored into zone of saturation
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Irrigation: to make something fresh by watering
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Fluctuate: to change constantly
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Drawdown: water decreases with increasing distances from well
depression.jpg
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Depression: sunken place
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Cone of depression: cone shaped depression in the water table immediately surrounding a well
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Hydraulic gradient: water table slope
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Heterogeneous: composed of parts of different kinds
artesian.jpg
Artesian: the water rising to the surface under internal hydrostatic pressure
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Friction: surface resistance to relative motion
Non flowing artesian well: when water doesn’t rise up
Flowing artesian well: when water rises up
Conduits.jpg
Conduits: pip like opening through which magma moves toward earth’s surface
recharge.jpg
Recharge: the processes by which ground water is absorbed into the zone of saturation
equilibrium.jpg
Equilibrium: no resultant force
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Non renewable: a resource that forms over a long time
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Subsidence: to sink to the bottom, as sediment
unconsolidated_sediments.jpg
Unconsolidated sediments: loose solid fragments
heterogeneous3.jpg
Homogenous: composed of the same parts
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Sewage- the waste matter that passes through sewers
percolates.jpg
Percolates- To pass through
assimilate.jpg
Assimilate- to take in
purification.jpg
Purification- to make pure
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Contamination- the act of polluting
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Hazardous- full of risk
excavations.jpg
Excavations- A hole formed by excavating
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Calcium carbonate- crystalline compound
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Caverns- A large cave
Subterranean.jpg
Subterranean- operating below the surface of the earth
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Dripstone- a protective drip that is made of stone
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Stalactites- mineral deposit hanging from the roof of a cavern
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Conical- having the form of a cone
stalgalite.jpg
Stalagmites- mineral deposit built up on the floor of a cavern
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Column- upright support
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Karst topography- A landscape that is characterized by numerous caves, sinkholes, fissures, and underground streams
tower_karst.jpg