geolo G's


Pg's 507-510
voids: spaces between bedrock
Pore spaces: empty spaces
Vesicles: empty spaces in rocks
porosity: measure of pore spaces
Cavities: empty holes
Sorting: a technique used to even out particles
Permeability: how easily water can travel through bedrock
Transmit: to pass water through..
Specific yield: the amount of porosity that is drainable
Specific retention: the ratio of the volume of water a rock will contain to the volume of the rock
Aquitard: stops water from being transmitted
Aquifers: hold water underground


Pg's 511-514

  1. Spring- ground water that shoots up
  2. Annual runoff- Water that is discharged from a watershed
  3. Discharge- any pollutant added to water
  4. Perched water Table- elevater water behind the water table
  5. Hot Springs- naturally hot mineral water that can heal people
  6. Thermal- same as a Hot Spring
  7. Geysers- a hot spring that erupts whenever it wants to .
  8. Well- shaft into the earth that you can get water from
  9. Irrigation - man made way to get water to crops
  10. Fluctuate- to rise & fall
  11. Drawdown- Lowering of water level in a reservoir or a well
  12. Depression- the land below the cone of depression
  13. Cone of Depression- pumping water from a well
  14. Hydrolic Gradient- the slope of a water table
  15. Heterogeneous- a system that consists of opposite items


1a. Artesian: groundwater that rises upward
Aquifer: Underground layer of water
Friction: Solid and water object that is permeable
Nonflowing artesian well: an artesian well that
Flowing artesian well: water flowing to surface with mechanical help
Conduits: Pipe or channel that transports liquids
Recharge:
Non renewable: something that cannot be remade.
Subsidence:
Equilibrium: Natural resource that can not be remade or grown
Unconsolidated material: reefs
homogenous: mixing two things together



Pg. 519- 523 ( B)
  1. Sewage- Liguid waste produced by humans
  2. Percolates- Filter-Lets liguids pass thrugh a small hole
  3. Assimilation -
  4. Purification- To make pure free from anything harmful
  5. Contamination- The state of being contaminated
  6. Hazardous- Dangerous unsafe substances
  7. Excavation- Archeological site

Pg. 523- 527
  1. Cavern: a cave that has the ability to grow speleothems.
  2. Subterranean: existing below the surface
  3. Dripstone: Also known as stalactite. The water deposit that forms from the dripping of water in a cavern.
  4. Speleotherms: Limestone deposits formed by calcite in caverns
  5. Stalactites: Deposits of mineral water solution
  6. Soda straw: The formation of the water that forms from the speleotherms
  7. Conical: Round shaped caverns
  8. Stalagmites: Deposits that rise up from the floor of a cavern
  9. Column: The coming together of a stalagmite and a stalactite
  10. Karst Topography: When a landscape is developed by the groundwater surrounding it
  11. Sinkholes: A hole in the ground caused by an over pumping of water
  12. Sinks: like a sinkhole
  13. Tower Karst: Towers that remain between sinkholes

big_cavern.jpgSubterranean2.JPGSpeleotherms3.JPG

cavern.jpgHazardousWaste.jpgHazardouSODASTRAWS.jpgsSTALACTITES.jpg


external image sinks.jpg

external image karst_Tower.jpgtower karst


sinkhole.jpgsinkhole.gif
sinkhole

groundwater.jpg

Capilly_fringe.gif
gwater.jpgexternal image exacavational%20fountain.jpgExcavations

waterrr.jpgexternal image calcium%20carbonate.jpgCalcium Carbonate


Erosional_,_Kluane_National_Park_,_Yukon_Territory_Canada.jpg
groundwater_1.jpg
Jordanelle_Reservior.jpg Contamination
hydrosphere.jpgcontamination.jpg
evaporation1.jpgchannel_(_East_Anacape_National_Park_California).jpg
watercyclediagram2.jpg

Subterranean.jpg
topography_map.gif

Transpiration.png

Surface_tension.jpg





Saturated_Zones.jpg

groundwater_pic.jpgwatercyclediagram2.jpg

saturation.jpg

sinkhole.jpgperculates.gifPerculates
Soil_Mosture_belt.jpg
miaaa't_araa.jpg
sewage.jpg
Sewage
Perculateswhitney-water-purification-2.jpgPurifucation






Sewge