Vocabulary Words
Headwater : The point of origin of a river.
Mouth : The term used to describe the end point of a river where it empties into a lake or ocean.
Delta : The formation that results at the mouth of a rier where sediments carried by the river have been deposited.

Slope : An inclined surface that is at a particular angle to a horizon.

Watershed :The total land area that is drained by a particular river system also known as a drainage basin.

Drainage Basin: The total land area that contributes water to a river sytem, pond, or lake; also known as a watershed.

Velocity :
Meandering : The reoccuring S-Shape in a river system.
Erosdion : The movement of rock particles or soil by wind, water, and the force of gravity.

Cutbanks : A specific physical feature of a flowing body of water caused by the eroision of material away from the outside curve of a meander,
resulting in a steep drop off.

Riffle : The particular point in a flowing body of water that is relativley straight and shallow, where sediments are deposited, forming turbulent water.

Point bar : The point in a stream or river, located on the inside curve of a meander, where sediments are deposited.

: Large amounts of water stroed in porous or fragmented rock underground.

: Naturally occuring freshwater that flows or is stored underground in rock or sediments.




: The rapid loss of soils, sediments, or other substances as a result of being wasted away by rain or melting snow.

Unconfined aquifer

Confined Aquifer
: Groundwater that is located below the impermeabel rock layer.

Water Table
: The uppermost level of the soil where the pore spaces are completley saturated by ground water.

Zone of Saturation
: The area of soil where all the pores in the soil are filled with water.

Zone of Aeration
: The area of the soil where all the pores are not filled with water.